Maria Theresa's last project at Schönbrunn was the laying out of the gardens under the supervision of court architect Johann Ferdinand Hetzendorf von Hohenberg. It was he who gave the gardens their architectural features, including the Gloriette seen here.
The Gloriette (which is defined as a building in a garden that is elevated relative to its surroundings) was used as a dining hall and festival hall as well as a breakfast room for emperor Franz Joseph I. The dining hall, which was used up until the end of the monarchy, today has a café in it, and on the roof an observation platform overlooks Vienna.
The Gloriette was destroyed during World War II but was quickly restored to its original form in 1947 and again restored in 1995.
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From KTBB World Tour V - Main Gallery